Rotating bending test
The wheel is tested using cyclical loads during the rotating bending test.

13° impact test
This test simulates the impact cause by a wheel hitting the curb.

Radial impact test (RIT)
The radial impact test simulates driving over a pothole or on an uneven surface.

Operational stability on the dual-axle wheel test bench
This test simulates a sequence of loads resulting from driving over different routes, for example driving on straight roads, driving in curves, driving on roads that are in poor condition, etc.

The rolling test helps to examine and confirm the structural strength of wheels for passenger vehicles and wheels for off-road vehicles subject to the high vertical wheel forces generated when driving the vehicles in a straight line.